wrote recently about how some museums are using technology to extend their relationships with constituents beyond the space and time of a visit. This is a
strategy in service of a bigger goal, which has to do with positioning the
museum as an ongoing resource for its audience – not just a place to go
but a trusted advisor, friend, and information base. This is a big strategic idea, and one that holds a lot of
appeal. On the one hand, it
differentiates museums from the leisure time activities we often think of as
their natural competition – city parks and playgrounds, the movies, music lessons, computer games, play groups etc. On the
other, it differentiates museums from out of school time and social service
organizations like the YMCA and Boys and Girls Clubs.
is not a new idea – The Boston Children’s Museum has always spent a lot of time
and care on community relationships.
Take for example programs like Countdown to Kindergarten which is as
much about creating an activity for local families to celebrate a major life
transition (kindgergarten), as it is about weaving the Museum into the fabric
of the learning community (see their success in bringing the Mayor and Superintendent of Schools together, literally).
BCM is actually a good segue for what I’m thinking about which is that adults are
one of the key audiences for these on-going relationships with Children's Museums in particular. As a field we increasingly understand
that there are good reasons to move adults to more involved roles with their
kids. Research has shown that adult participation leads to deeper inquiry and more durable learning for children, while at the same time enhancing adults’ understanding of and ability to support children’s informal science learning.
let’s be honest - adults come to museums for many reasons, including taking a
break and socializing with peers, and have their own learning styles.
So I am really intrigued by the idea that museums can develop umbrella
relationships with adults in which the moment of the visit is one touch point
among many opportunities to engage with the organization. This might give us more room to allow that
the visit may not always be the best moment to reach adults, but it also suggests that that’s okay because we have many
more opportunities to connect with those adults. We don’t have to pack it all into 2 hours on a Saturday.
How about these as goals for adults?
- Help adult visitors understand their
possible roles, and responsibilities, in the museum setting
- Scaffold adults’ learning
- Show caregivers what their children are
doing, but also how and why they behave in particular ways
- Help staff and visitors understand and
share the ways children construct knowledge
The key to achieving
these goals is to increase adults’ understanding of the museum as about learning.
To do this, museums
need to accomplish three main things (1) make children’s learning evident, (2)
offer adults opportunities to participate in children’s learning, and (3) give
adults tools they can use to enhance children’s learning. Some of these may lend themselves more
to implementation in the exhibits but all of them can happen off-site as well.
What should parent communications sound and
Parent message need to be a mix of didactic, intimate and informal
communications. Some parent communication will be explicit for adults who are
interested in learning why the museum looks the way it does, and what their
kids are getting out of the visit.
These “decoders” may take the form of maps, labels and graphics in the
galleries, “parent guides” and questionnaires, or verbal communication through
staff interaction. Other communication is more discursive and needs to be structured so that adults can make connections between the messages and their children’s behavior.
Here are 3 examples of how this might translate into graphics.
|Staff at MCM carry these cards.|
|Pittsburgh Children's Museum projected graphics are in adults' immediate line of sight and provide a quick prompt.|
|An "exemplar" graphic from Skyline at CCM features photos of real visitors and first person quotes - the graphics stand in for staff by modeling adult roles in the gallery.|
Strategies for use in the Museum
These three examples of actual printed graphics get at some of the key strategies for adult communications during the museum visit. They are designed to help adults see what their kids are doing and learning. And they offer interpretation and explanation of the Museum's philosophy and intentions.
There are other strategies museums can use to facilitate adult outcomes including:
- Engage adults in collaborative work with
their children and offer multiple possible roles for adults throughout the
museum so that sometimes they are leading and other times they are
supporting the primary inquiry.
- Train staff to articulate children’s
learning to model interactions that support the expression of learning.
- Train staff to recognize adult learning in
the museum setting and in how to support adults in gaining confidence and
skill as partners in their children’s learning.
More specifically, museums can:
· Design for the diverse needs of the adult audience, including participatory activity, quiet observation, and socializing with other adults.
expert perspectives on informal science learning through partnerships with
researchers and teachers in training. Such as they do at MOS and BCM.
opportunities for adults to create documentation projects that facilitate
children’s reflection on their own activity.
ideas for how adults might continue the inquiry and projects started in the
Museum at home, and support visitors’ efforts to implement these suggestions
through web-based, newsletter, and other resources.
Extending communication with parents beyond the
This last point takes me to the off-site long-term relationship piece. One tenet of museum
education is that a visit will continue to resonate in people’s lives long
after they leave. Being a place to go when museum users have follow-up
questions or comments is a piece of the way museums can extend their work
beyond the walls of the building. This support also allows adults to articulate and reflect on
the connections they make between their lives and their Museum visit. Following
are some ideas that are tuned to adults - easy to access, relevant, and helpful, fun, playful and participatory. So bridging this need with the right set of materials is a win-win.
- Have an “Ask an Expert” email system that
puts adults in touch with education and child development Graduate
- Set up an email newsletter with a monthly
Hot Tip that goes to visitors’ email, is displayed on the museum's home page,
and is also included in the “hold” soundtrack on the phone.
- Create a screen saver that people can
download at home featuring images from around the Museum.
- Create an interactive timeline that
encourages adults and children to talk about events in their lives and to
compare where they were and how they felt at those moments. The timeline might be seeded with
some starter ideas that span the generations and include both large global
events as well as local, personal experiences. Imagine The Mint Museum interactive site framed this way.
What has your museum tried?